The leopard frog is to be found in the United States. They are also known as meadow frogs and cow frogs. They have an average lifespan of between five and eight years, and measure around 5 - 11cm.
These frogs are usually very alert and active, greenish in colour with very distintive black spotting on their body.
The leopard frog, as with many other types of frogs, are suffering a decline in population. This is because of deforestation and pollution.
These frogs are extremely sensitive to chemical pollutants, and because of this are often used as ecological indicator species. What this means is that biologists studying particular areas are able to foretell changes in things such as climate change, pollution, disease etc.
Northern Leopard Frogs have a wide range of habitats, and can be found in ponds, swamps, marshes and slow moving streams throughout forested areas, as well as more open urban areas. They normally prefer to live in ponds that have plenty of aquatic vegetation.
The male frog makes a short snore-like call during spring and summer. They breed in the springtime. Up to 6,500 eggs are laid in water, and the resulting tadpoles develop in the pond. Tadpoles are light brown with black spots, and development takes around 70 - 110 days, but this is dependent on the surrounding conditions. Metamorph frogs are 2-3 cm and look like smaller versions of their parents!
This species was once quite common through parts of western Canada until declines started occurring during the 1970s.
Keeping Leopard Frogs as pets
It is best not to keep small lizards with these frogs because of the fact that they tend to eat anything that will fit into their mouths!
You can keep up to three frogs in a 15 gallon aquarium with good top ventillation. They generally like to live on the ground, but occasionally they do like a little climb on small branches and logs. When you are looking for housing for this type of frog, it is far more important to provide floor space than it is to provide height.
As a substrate, use semi-moist peat moss or humus mixed with potting soil and make it about 2-3 inches deep. This substrate should also have a damp top layer of dead leaves and sphagnum moss.
The substrate should really be changed approximately 8-10 weekly, though if you think it needs it, you can replace it more often.
The temperature during daytime should be maintained at around 75-80 degrees farenheight, and at night time can be lowered to 75 degrees. You can mist-spray to keep the humidity but not too much that it makes the substrate soggy.
They will eat large crickets, meal worms, earthworms, pinkie mice and fly larvae. They should be fed every other day. They will also need to be supplied with fruit and vegetables. You should also provide water in a dish at a depth of less than the frog itself. Keep this water clean by changing it every other day. Use dechlorinated water.
It is important not to let the frog come into contact with open wounds, eyes and mouth.
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