Blue Poison Dart Frog

The blue poison arrow frog, or Dendrobates azureus originates from Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Guyana,Colombia, Brazil and Surinam - North America and South America.

  • They can be aggressive and territorial 
  • There are a number of poison arrow frogs such as the blue, the Dendrobates pumilio which is the strawberry poison arrow frog, and the Dendrobates leucomelas, the orange-banded poison arrow frog.  However, the most toxic and poisonous of the poison dart (or dart) frogs is the Phyllobates terribilis (the Golden Poison Frog). 

It is assumed that dart frogs do not synthesize (make chemically) their poisons, but confiscate the chemicals from their prey such as ants, centipedes and mites.

It is known as dietary hypothesis. Because of this, captive-bred frogs do not contain such high levels of toxins. However, despite the toxins used by some poison dart frogs, there are some predators that have developed the ability to withstand them, such as the Amazon ground snake (Liophis epinephelus).

It's Not Easy Being...Um...Blue"It's Not Easy Being...Um...Blue" by icypics is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

  • The blue poison dart frogs (or arrow frogs) are extremely brightly-coloured and toxic amphibians in the family Dendrobatidae. Because they are so bright, this acts as a warning to predators, that they would be harmful to eat.  The poison is located in the skin. 
  • In the wild, they love to live among the damp leaf litter on the floor of the rainforest.  They are active primarily during the mornings and the evenings.
  • The male blue poison dart frog makes a very good father.  Each male has a piece of land on the forest floor which he defends by chirping and trilling and showing off his colours. Eventually, if his chirp and display are good enough, he will attract a female companion.
  • They can breed all year and the female will lay around 6 to 10 eggs in a secluded patch or even a leaf.  
  • They are fertilized by the male.  The male actually takes on the job of caring for the eggs during this stage and guards them carefully. 
  • He keeps them moist by obtaining water from a nearby source such as a pool. 
  • After about 3 - 4 weeks the tadpoles are ready to hatch, and the male frog allow the tadpoles to wriggle on to his back and then he carries them to a pool of water. This water could be on the forest floor, or it could be located in a leaf bract on a plant higher up from the ground. The skin of the adult frog is sticky and this is what allows the tadpoles to be able to hold on while being moved from one location to another.
  • Then for a month or so the little tadpoles feed on algae until they are ready to metamorphose (change into frogs)

Blue Poison Dart Frog.

  • In the wild, the blue poison dart frog can live for around 4-5 years
  • In captivity they live around 10 years.
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