Frog Food

Frog on lilly pad

Ok, so frogs are not really fussy eaters.  Frog food can consist of  flies, crickets, spiders, beetles, grasshoppers, all sorts of insects.  Also, they are more than happy to eat a smaller frog if one happens to hop by.

They will eat tiny invertebrates, ants and forest mites.    Frogs are called to action to eat when their prey is alive and moving.  Frogs also like to eat snails, termites and earthworms.  As I said, frogs are not particularly fussy eaters and will generally eat things that are close by and readily available.  

Some larger frogs will eat mice and small snakes, rodents and fledgling birds.

In their natural habitats, the frog food, when discovered,  is usually watched carefully for a short few seconds.  The frog may raise its front body up a bit in order to get a better angle to attack the prey and sometimes it will wiggle it toes while assessing the prey. 

If the prey is standing still, the frog will patient wait for the prey to move, and then it will pounce (or hop!) 

In a majority of frogs, the tongue can be found near the front of the frog's mouth, the tongue will be propelled outwards and as it is covered in a sticky mucus, the prey will be stuck to the tongue and eaten by the frog.   

Sometimes, when a frog is hungry and its only concern is to eat the frog food there in front of it, the feeding reflex is so strong that it will attempt to eat the prey without first checking to see if it is something that it should be eating, or not.  So if it tries to eat something and finds it disgusting and unpalatable, it will spit it out or regurgitate it later.

When a frog is in the water, it is highly sensitive to movement around it, and this movement stimulates feeding, and so it is better that the prey offered to the frog (and other amphibians) is live.    

  • The terrestrial amphibian's tongue is sticky and is located at the front of it's mouth, and so it is able to shoot it's tongue out quickly to catch it's prey on the sticky tongue.
  • Tree frogs and other amphibians stalk their prey and actively seek it.  Other frogs will use their camouflage skills and lay in wait undetected until their unsuspecting prey passes their way and then strike!

Sometimes, it is hard to know exactly how much food a frog should eat, and so when considering what do frogs eat, we also need to know, how much do frogs eat.  Froglets, generally would need food every day while they are growing.

How much frog food?

As the frog matures, it would probably need food offered to it a few times a week.  It's always a good idea to dust food with vitamins to make sure the frogs are getting a good nutritional supply.  Some food is more nutritionally beneficial than other types of food.  Also, frogs can vary in their appetites, again a bit like people, and some some will have better appetites than others.  You can keep an eye on your frog to see if it is thriving on the diet being provided to it.  If it starts to lose weight or is not interested in food, then you could take measures to ensure that the frog is keeping healthy and if concerned maybe take your amphibian to the vet for a quick check-up.  Keeping the frog's environment clean is vital to the health of your pet frog and will help in keeping any illnesses away from your frog.  

Frogs are unable to produce vitamin A by themselves, and so they need this from their food.  To make sure that a pet frog has enough vitamin A in its diet, it is probably a good idea to feed it a live insect that has itself been feeding for over 24 hours on 'gut-loaded' substance - eg  fruit, vegetables and cereals.  This means that the insect is loaded with good, nutritious substance and therefore when the frog eats the insect, it will benefit from all the goodness that was within the insect. 

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